• PEOPLE CLUSTER: NORTH AMERICAN INDIGENOUS


QUICK FACTS:

People groups: 229

Population: 2,549,030

Unreached people groups: 16

UPG population: 692,400

Unengaged UPGs: 12

UUPG population: 38,400

Number of countries: 3


Affinity Bloc: North American Peoples

Overview: The North American Indigenous people cluster encompasses the indigenous peoples of the United States and Canada. In Canada these people groups are identified as Aboriginal peoples or, excluding Inuits and Metis, First Nations peoples. In the United States they are typically identified as Native Americans. Hundreds of languages were spoken in North America prior to first contact with Europeans beginning in the 11th century but most indigenous languages in North America are in decline with a great many classified as endangered. Christianity is noted as primary religion for most of these people groups.

Peoples within this cluster: Abnaki-Penobscot; Achumawi; Ahtena; Alabama; Algonquin; Apache, Jicarilla; Apache, Kiowa; Apache, Lipan; Apache, Mescalero; Apache, Western; Arapaho; Arikara; Assiniboin; Atikamek; Atsugewi; Babine; Beaver; Bella Coola; Blackfoot; Caddo; Cahuilla; Carrier; Catawba; Cayuga; Chehalis; Cherokee; Cheyenne; Chikasaw; Chilcotin; Chinook Wawa; Chinook, Lower; Chinook, Upper; Chippewa; Chitimacha; Choctaw; Chumash; Clallam; Coeur d'Alene; Columbia-Wenatchi; Columbia River Sahaptin; Comanche; Comox; Coos; Cowlitz; Cree, French; Cree, Moose; Cree, Northern East; Cree, Southern East; Cree, Swampy; Cree, Western; Cree, Woods; Crow; Cupeno; Dakota; Degexit'an; Delaware; Dene; Dogrib; Eastern Keres Pueblo; Fall Indian; Flathead-Kalispel; Gitxsan; Haida; Haisla; Halkomelem; Han, Moosehide; Heiltsuk; Hidatsa; Holikachuk; Hopi; Houma, Half-Choctaw; Hupa; Iowa; Jemez; Kansa; Karok; Kashaya; Kaska; Kato; Kawaiisu; Kickapoo; Kiowa; Kitimat; Kitsai; Klamath-Modoc; Koasati; Koyukon; Kutchin; Kutenai; Kwakiutl; Lakota; Lillooet; Luiseno; Lumbee; Lushootseed; Maidu, Northwest; Makah; Mandan; Maricopa; Menomini; Miami; Micmac; Mikasuki Seminole; Miwok; Mohave; Mohawk; Mohegan-Montauk-Narragansett; Mono; Montagnais; Munsee; Muskogee; Nanticoke; Naskapi; Nass-Gitksian; Navajo; Nez Perce; Nisqually; Nooksack; Nootka; Northeast Sahaptin; Northern Tiwa; Ojibwa, Eastern; Ojibwa, Northwestern; Ojibwa, Severn; Ojibwa, Western; Okanagon; Omaha; Oneida; Onondaga; Oodham; Osage; Oto; Paiute, Northern; Panamint; Part-Indian, Metis; Passamaquoddy; Pawnee; Pentlatch; Pomo; Potawatomi; Powhatan; Quapaw; Quechan; Quileute; Quinault; Sarsi; Sauk-Fox; Sechelt; Sekani; Seneca; Serrano; Shawnee; Shoshoni; Shuswap; Skagit; Slavey, South; Snohomish; Southern Carrier; Southern Paiute; Southern Puget Salish; Southern Tiwa; Spokane; Squamish; Stoney; Straits Salish; Tagish; Tahltan; Tanacross; Tanaina; Tanana, Lower; Tanana, Upper; Tenino; Tewa; Thompson; Tlingit; Tonkawa; Tsimshian; Tunica; Tuscarora; Tutchone; Twana; Upland Yuman; Upper Kuskokwim; Wampanoag; Wappo; Washo; Western Keres Pueblo; Wichita; Winnebago; Wintu; Wiyot; Wyandot; Yakima; Yokuts; Yuchi; Yupik, Pacific; Yurok; Zuni Pueblo

Countries where they are found: Canada; Mexico; United States


People groups: 229

Population: 2,549,030

Unreached people groups: 16

UPG population: 692,400

Unengaged UPGs: 12

UUPG population: 38,400

Number of countries: 3