• PEOPLE CLUSTER: TAMIL

Photo courtesy of Joshua Project.
By G. Sounder

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QUICK FACTS:

People groups: 109

Population: 53,209,875

Unreached people groups: 82

UPG population: 27,589,725

Unengaged UPGs: 43

UUPG population: 940,150

Number of countries: 22


Affinity Bloc: South Asian Peoples

Overview: The Tamil people are an ethnic group native to Tamil Nadu, India and the northeastern region of Sri Lanka. Historical evidence of the Tamil dates to as early as 1500 BC. Tamil is a major Dravidian language of India, spoken primarily by the Tamil in India and Sri Lanka. The Tamil people cluster encompasses numerous occupational castes that share the Tamil language. Most Tamil are Hindus, but a few Tamil subgroups follow either Christianity or Islam.

Peoples within this cluster: Adi Dravida; Adiyan; Agamudaiyan; Alavan; Arwa Mala; Bania, Tamil; Bharathar; Brahman, Tamil; Chackaravar; Chakkiliyan; Chayakkaran; Devendrakulathan; Dhobi, Tamil; Eravallan; Hill Pulayan; Idayan; Indian Tamil; Irular; Isai Vellalar; Jain, Tamil; Kadaiyan; Kaikolan; Kallar; Katesar; Kattunayakan; Kavara; Kayalar; Kepmaris; Koliyan; Kongu Vellalar; Kota; Kudumban; Kuravan; Labbai; Madrasi; Maha Malasar; Malai Pandaram; Malai Vellala; Maniyattikkaran; Mannan, Caste; Marakkan, Muslim; Maravan; Mudaliyar; Nadar; Nai, Mangala; Nanjil Mudali; Nasuvan; Navithan; Oochan; Pallan; Palliyan; Panan; Pandaram; Panditattan; Pannadi; Paraiyan; Parkavakulam; Parvatarajakulam; Pattanavan; Puthirai Vannan; Rajput, Tamil; Rawther; Saliar; Samban; Sayankulam; Semman; Shaikh, Tamil; Sri Lankan Moor; Tambiran; Tamil Christian; Tamil Hindu; Tamil Muslim; Tamoy; Teli, Tamil; Thigala; Tholuva Naicker; Toda; Uppillian; Urali Gaunder; Valaiyar; Valluvan; Vannan; Vanniyan; Vellalan; Vellayan Kuppam Veluthonathunayar; Vettakkaran; Vettiyan; Vettuva Gounder; Yadava, Tamil; Yatagiri

Countries where they are found: Bahrain; Cambodia; Canada; France; Germany; India; Kuwait; Laos; Malaysia; Maldives; Martinique; Myanmar; Netherlands; Oman; Qatar; Reunion; Seychelles; Singapore; Sri Lanka; Thailand; United Kingdom; United States


People groups: 109

Population: 53,209,875

Unreached people groups: 82

UPG population: 27,589,725

Unengaged UPGs: 43

UUPG population: 940,150

Number of countries: 22