• PEOPLE CLUSTER: SOUTH AMERICAN INDIGENOUS

Photo courtesy of Joshua Project.
By Andy McCullough

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QUICK FACTS:

People groups: 366

Population: 4,638,150

Unreached people groups: 177

UPG population: 1,300,290

Unengaged UPGs: 102

UUPG population: 223,990

Number of countries: 19


Affinity Bloc: Latin-Caribbean Americans

Overview: The South American Indigenous people cluster encompasses indigenous peoples of South America who are not classified within other people clusters, notably the Amazon, Aymara, Guarani, and Quechua clusters. More indigenous peoples of South America are assigned to this people cluster than to those four clusters combined and more than two hundred distinct languages are spoken by these people groups.

Peoples within this cluster: Achagua; Ache; Achual Jivaro; Agualinda Guajibo; Akawaio; Akuliyo; Amahuaca; Amarakaire; Amaruwa; Amazon River People; Amerindian, Detribalized; Amuesha; Andoque; Angaite; Angosturas Tunebo; Apalai; Apinaye; Arana; Arapaso; Arara, Acre; Arara, Mato Grosso; Arara, Para; Arara, Rondonia; Arawak; Arhuaco; Arutani; Ashaninca; Asheninca Apurucayali; Asheninca Pajonal; Asheninca Perene; Asheninca Pichis; Asheninca Ucayali-Yurua; Atikum; Atruahi; Aweti; Ayore; Bakairi; Bare; Baudo; Baure; Betoye; Cabiyari; Cacua; Camsa; Canamomo; Canichana; Caquinte; Carabayo; Carib; Carijona; Catio; Cavinena; Cayubaba; Central Tunebo; Chachilla; Chacobo; Chamacoco; Chami; Chane; Chayahuita; Chimila; Chipaya; Chiquitano; Chorote, Eklenjuy; Chorote, Manjuy; Cinta Larga; Cofan; Cogapacori; Cogui; Colorado; Coreguaje; Coyaima; Cubeo, Cuveo; Cuiba; Daw; Deni; Desano; Diaguita; Dujo; Eastern Tunebo; Embera, Northern; Emerilon; Emok; Fuhio; Gaviao do Maranhao; Gaviao do Para; Guajibo; Guajiro; Guambiano; Guanaca; Guanano; Guarequena; Guato; Guayabero; Guaymi; Huachipaire; Huilliche; Iapama; Ignaciano; Inga; Irantxe; Itene; Itogapuk; Japreria; Jebero; Jiripancó; Jungle Inga; Juruna; Kadiweu; Kaimbe; Kaingang; Kalanko; Kamba; Kambiwa; Kanamari; Kankuamo; Kanoe; Kantarure; Kapinawa; Karahawyana; Karapana; Karapoto; Kariri; Kariri-Xoco; Karitiana; Katawian; Kaxarari; Kaxixo; Kaxuyana; Kayapo; Kiriri-Xoco; Kitiya, Banawa; Koiupanka; Korubo; Kraho; Kreen-Akakore; Krenak; Kreye; Krikati; Kuikuro; Kulina; Kuna, Paya-Pucuro; Kunza; Kuruaya; Kwaza; Latunde; Maca; Macaguaje; Machiguenga; Machinere; Maco; Makuna; Makurapi; Makuxi; Malayo; Mapoyo; Mapuche; Masiguare; Mawayana; Maxakali; Mehinaku; Meneca Huitoto; Miriti-Tapuia; Mocovi; Movima; Muinane; Murui Huitoto; Nawa; Negarote; Nipode Huitoto; Nivacle; Nocten Mataco; Nomatsiguenga; Nukuini; Oiampi; Opaye; Paez; Pai Tavytera; Paiaku; Pakaasnovos; Palikur; Panare; Pankarare; Pankararu; Paraujano; Parecis; Pasto; Patamona; Pataxo-Hahahae; Pato Tapuia; Pemon; Piapoco; Piaroa; Pilaga; Pilcomayo Mataco; Pipipa; Pira-Tapuia; Piro; Puinave; Qawasqar; Quaiquer; Quillacinga; Reyesano; Rikbaktsa; Rio Arauca Guajibo; Saija; Saliba; Sanapana; Sape; Satere, Mawe; Secoya; Shanenawa; Sharanahua; Sikiana; Siona; Siriano; Siripu; Southern Barasano; Suya; Tacana; Tado; Tanimuca; Tapayuna; Tapeba; Tapiete; Tatuyo; Tehuelche; Terena; Tikuna; Tingui-Boto; Toba; Toba-Maskoy; Tolpan; Tora; Totoro; Tremembe; Trinitario; Trio; Truka; Trumai; Tsimane; Tubarao; Tukano; Tumbalala; Turiwara; Tuxa; Tuyuka; Txikao; Umutina; Uru-Pa-In; Vejoz Mataco; Wai-Wai; Waorani; Wapixana; Warao; Wasu; Waunana; Waura; Wayana; Wayoro; Western Tunebo; Wokarangma; Xavante; Xerente; Xinca; Xipaia; Xoco; Xokleng; Xukuru; Xukuru-Kariri; Yabaana; Yabarana; Yagua; Yahuna; Yamana; Yaminahua, Jaminawa; Yari; Yaruro; Yawalapiti, Walapiti; Yawanawa; Yuana; Yucuna; Yukpa; Yuqui; Yuruti; Zenu; Zoró

Countries where they are found: Argentina; Bolivia; Brazil; Canada; Chile; Colombia; Costa Rica; Ecuador; French Guiana; Guatemala; Guyana; Honduras; Nicaragua; Panama; Paraguay; Peru; Suriname; United States; Venezuela


People groups: 366

Population: 4,638,150

Unreached people groups: 177

UPG population: 1,300,290

Unengaged UPGs: 102

UUPG population: 223,990

Number of countries: 19