• PEOPLE CLUSTER: QUECHUA

Photo courtesy of Joshua Project.
By Bob Sjogren

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QUICK FACTS:

People groups: 53

Population: 9,573,325

Unreached people groups: 8

UPG population: 498,500

Unengaged UPGs: 2

UUPG population: 112,500

Number of countries: 7


Affinity Bloc: Latin-Caribbean Americans

Overview: Quechua is the collective term for several ethnic groups in South America who speak a Quechua language, scattered in Peru, Ecuador, Bolivia, Chile, Colombia and Argentina. The Quechua are descendants of the once powerful Incan empire. At the time of the conquest, the Incans referred to their language as "runasimi", but the Spanish conquistadores named the language "quechua" and that name persists. The speakers of Quechua have only a slight sense of common identity, due in part to the fact that the various Quechua dialects are in some cases so different that no mutual understanding is possible.

Peoples within this cluster: Leco; Quechua, Ambo-Pasco; Quechua, Apurimac; Quechua, Arequipa-Union; Quechua, Ayacucho; Quechua, Cajamarca; Quechua, Chachapoyas; Quechua, Chilean; Quechua, Chiquian Ancash; Quechua, Corongo Ancash; Quechua, Cuzco; Quechua, Huallaga; Quechua, Huamalies-Dos de Mayo Huanuco; Quechua, Huaylas Ancash; Quechua, Huaylla Wanca; Quechua, Jauja Wanca; Quechua, Lambayeque; Quechua, Margos-Yarowilca-Lauricocha; Quechua, North Bolivian; Quechua, North Junin; Quechua, North Lima Cajatambo; Quechua, Northern Conchucos Ancash; Quechua, Northwest Jujuy; Quechua, Pacaroas; Quechua, Panao Huanaco; Quechua, Puno; Quechua, San Martin; Quechua, Santa Ana de Tusi Pasco; Quechua, Sihuas Ancash; Quechua, South Bolivian; Quechua, Southern Conchucos Ancash; Quechua, Southern Pastaza; Quechua, Yanahuanca Pasco; Quechua, Yauyos; Quichua, Calderon Highland; Quichua, Canar Highland; Quichua, Chimborazo Highland; Quichua, Cotopaxi Highland; Quichua, Imbabura Highland; Quichua, Loja Highland; Quichua, Napo Lowland; Quichua, Northern Pastaza; Quichua, Salasaca Highland; Quichua, Santiago del Estero; Quichua, Tena Lowland; Quileute; Yanacona

Countries where they are found: Argentina; Bolivia; Chile; Colombia; Ecuador; Peru; United States


People groups: 53

Population: 9,573,325

Unreached people groups: 8

UPG population: 498,500

Unengaged UPGs: 2

UUPG population: 112,500

Number of countries: 7